STAGES IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
(A) MANPOWER PLANNING
- This is the assessing of the firm’s people needs and the forecasting of people needs for the future.
- Human Resource managers must stick within certain budgetary requirements as set out by the cost accountant.
- A staff audit is carried out and this analyses the skills and expertise that exists within the firm.
(B) RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION
- This process is essentially concerned with finding, assessing and engaging new employees.
- Recruitment is concerned with attracting a group of candidates to apply for a given vacancy.
- Selection is the process of choosing the most suitable candidate from a pool of candidates identified through recruitment
(C) TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT
Training is the acquisition of the knowledge skills and abilities required to perform effectively in a given role
Induction training prepares employee for the tasks ahead. It familiarises the person with the working of the firm. The person is familiarised with the company ethos.
Training should include the firm’s overall staff
It is essential for promotion prospects and when installing new technology or new work practices
Training can be external and carried out by specialists in a given area or internal whereby the employee is instructed on a one to one basis.
This is a broad concept that is future orientated and concerned with the growth and enhancement of the individual. It helps the person to blend into the firm’s corporate culture. It focuses on the individual’s potential and future role in the workplace.
It focuses on ability, understanding and awareness.
(D) PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AND REVIEW
This is a systematic approach to evaluating employee’s performance, characteristics or potential with a view to assisting with decisions in a wide range of areas such as pay, promotion, employee development and motivation.
A performance review is held once or twice yearly.
This is seen as an advanced form of delegative participation whereby workers make key decisions. In Ireland employers are the main instigators of teamwork.
In Ireland to allow teamwork to grow there must be
- A shift from individual pay to team pay
- Significant investment in training and development
- Job security commitments